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оGɫʹڵĆ}ch

rg2020-11-17 ԴЇЈ ֔4921
ߣ,e λϽQšIgWԺ

ժ    ҪGɫİlչhoYԴsҪBԇ^,푪lչóоGɫ,麣ϰlչBԇ^ؕI,ȫʡȫʾb\ݔɂhMп,GɫͬFڵĆ},̽}ĸԴ,Mڴ˻AЧĽQ

PI~; ; Gɫh;

,ȫhʹo˼Ȼľη֮,˼hıoYԴĹsõȷIJfIǬF՘IҪMɲ,ҲƄʽDMMĬFȌԮaIĿǰճ,a˴IJɽİbϼ\ݔ^܇vβŷŌɵȾ,ʰlչоGɫ̈́ڱͨ^{коGɫF,оGɫʹڵĆ},MĽQʩ

1 оGɫͬF

1.1 bhG̶

,еĿfL2016Ŀf3434.23f,ͬL73.16%,ͬfI62850.45fԪ,ͬL61.79%;2017f4192.34f,ͬL22.08%,ͬfI78271.57fԪ,ͬL24.54%;2018f4981.17f,ͬL18.82%,ͬfI98588.08fԪ,ͬL25.96%1
 

оGɫʹڵĆ}ch
 

,еĿfLM˽İlչ,ͬrҲ˴İbMԼhȾŒоGɫаbhGɫ̶ȵ{,xȡ˺дԵĿf˾Wc,MаbhGɫ̶ȵČ{,ÿfWc{Иӱ1000,{ЃBmһΕrgռȡrİbЩ,˽ռˌ̎r,ѭhðbϵ傀fWc{ДMнyӋ,lFbҪϴb㼈аbĭаb㼈ϴķN,傀fWcķNb͔Mƽ,õ1ʾ

1 fWcGɫb{r
1 fWcGɫb{r

1.2 \ݔͭhG̶

Ŀǰ,ʡh՚мw(PM2.5)ԴڙC܇βռ35%,ͬ,еĸ_45%,ϺеĞ29.2%,еĞ52.1%2,pٙC܇βȾ,ɞhpp“ؓ”yȼ܇هʯԴ,ʹ^Еŷһ̼̼wȾ,坍Դ܇܌Fʹ^еȾŷ,Ч܇βŷŎĭhȾ

猍˽еľGɫr,Pxȡ˾M{,˽@Щ˾Ŀǰ͵Ľͨߵr,xȡĴI\ݔߵԴ܇vryӋY2ʾ

2 IԴ܇vr
2 IԴ܇vr

ɱ2֪,ҴIԴ܇vж,ɼ\ݔ܇vIԴ܇v^60%,ԠI܇vIƫ,͵IJ10%wҕǿ,IԴ܇ƽֻ39.6%,^

“һ”ýͨȫǃ݆늄܇,Դͨ_100%

1.3 GɫR{

lչоGɫ,HҪ,ҪVȺ֧,挍˽ĭhR,PߌоMˆ{ռ800Чӱ,PߌջصЧw{֪,ÿµİ13ľռ66%;˂յİ,bҪ㼈аbϴbԼ㼈cϴɷNϵĽMϰbӶ,քeռ53%58%57%;ڲ_Ɠpİb,74%x̎ʽM,b^,H37%^mʹC,аlչGɫ߀кܶ}ؽQ

2 GɫʹڵĆ}ԭ

ͨ^ЈľG̶ȵ{w{,֪ЈľG̶Ȳ,ôڵĆ}ԭʲô҂ҪPעc

2.1 bȾ

һʹϰbĿǰfҪbʽ,,ȾIҪȾԴ֮һ{Д͆{锵,ϰbռƫ,@bҪ:fbϴȌӰbõϱĤϩĤbϴһPEϻ,|cϩĤһӶϩ,PEϻɸNϩϽ^,¼ӹ,һЩ@NϴĿǰfIʹһNb,Ãrֵ,IԸͶY,˭hȾYԴM

2.2 b؏ʵ

{Ĕ@ʾ,ʹ^İbδƓp´μļʹõ˃H37%,ƓpİbxյăH23%,MߌbĻ؏R,еԭ򑪞аbѭhwϵδȫ

2.3 ȼ܇vβŷȾ

2018,ȫC܇Ⱦŷſ4065.3f,һ̼(CO)3089.4f,̼仯(HC)368.8f,(NO)562.9f,w(PM)44.2f܇ǙC܇ȾŷŵҪؕI,ŷŵCONOPM^90%,HC^80%܇ͷ,؛܇ŷŵNOPM@ڿ܇,؛܇ҪؕIȼϷ,܇ŷŵNOӽ܇ŷſ70%,PM^90%;܇COHCŷ^,CO^܇ŷſ80%,HC^70%ռ܇7.9%IJ؛܇,ŷ60.0%NO84.6%PM,ǙC܇Ⱦε֮3

BhַϱصȾԴ,ȾԴλ:C܇βPm^IԴԴԼɢԴ,ЙC܇βȾռ ^ȾԴ,PM2.5ֵ,C܇βռ_35%4Դ\ݔ܇vռʮ֑,ܜpβŷɴ˱oh,ҲϺQ^Q۵İlչλ,Ҫ츣ȫ

2.4 Դ\ݔ܇vռʵ

lչGɫLJƏVԴ\ݔ܇vijᎧ,cu,ظˮ,Դ܇аl治HҪ늳늙C늿ȫܵȺļg},߀ҪڌHQ܇͸ߜ¶Լȫͨ^eˮ·ȼgy}Դ\ݔ܇õԭҪc

(1)늘wС

늘]ռ,늄܇ҲͺyƏVmǼ늄܇c,Ƽsڸİlչ,dҲȼ܇ҳ늕rg^L늘oռ,늄܇·,ҲRT಻

(2)Դ܇vʹóɱ^

ɱ}I@_Ԓ}Դ܇v,ُ܇ɱSޱBɱ,Ҫȼ܇MһЩԴ܇ƽ_ƳU,QһϵІ},ɱҲ^ߵ,Uijɱ,׺ஔIһv܇,ڛ]з؛ԴɢСI,],Ҫ͑ԴI

(3)늳˥p

IоԒ“ر”,ָǺܶÈ,ُ܇vijɱ,I\еr,3ԃǿԻرȻ,Գڇ늄܇늳r,˥pٶ^,ò܇ӻرҪ_ʼӯ,ҪR늳ܵQ늳صȆ},ʹIs늳ܶȲ,ϳ܇Il˶܇vȼ¼,l˹䰲ȫԵēn

(4)Oʩ

Դ܇δռ,Ҳζ܇ЈҲDzƵyȼ܇vaI朵ij,Լ|ķļgȶԴ܇v,ȼ܇ľSBȷwϵѽdz,늄܇ľSB,ه܇IOʩIJʹԴ܇vƏVK

(5)d

ڳ\ݔIy^ص؛Ʒ,@rI\ݔ܇vdҪ^,yȼ\ݔ܇v\,ȼ\ݔ܇vԴ܇@ƫ,Ҫ\,dͳɞԴ\ݔ܇vyƏVԭ֮һ

(6)hR

{醖ĽY,hR˂ڲȡfr̫עذb,ԭǴҶ֪bܻ؏,඼DzȡbSԭĿǰ]һ^ƵĻշʽ,ҲȱGɫP˽

3 аlչGɫͲԽh

GɫҪ,Gɫlչ,GɫaMƶȌ,_ĄIͼļʹÿɽ؏ʹõĭhb,ĄIȡʩտb,ְl]PeO,ٿbϵĜpú

3.1 оGɫb

bɵȾȾ,ԭǰbϵIJɽɵ,ЭhbǽQbȾĸ;fеľ_,õ׵Ƴɵĺdw,@N_オⲻhȾȮȻҲЃI,|fѭhҲһԼǰ,ƷDƷһԼ,ɏUŷ,ѭhbϞwS],YL,ѭhʹ

3.2 оGɫbģʽ

ĄƷaIͨ^fQѺ߀f؛հbOԄӻՙCϢƽ_ȶNʽ,տfbI,ƶGɫfbѭhʹwϵ,ɲȡӋeֵʽ,ĄMȡr,O^ԵĻվc,MаbĻ,ISro腢cfbѭhúͻЄԻ؈

3.3 ӿԴ܇vOʩO

҇ܶһ,ȡ·ౣϺaNʽƏVIԴ܇vпԽbеƏV,ͬr,_PɷҎ,ԴҎIُ܇v,ȼ܇I\CMһĹܿ,oԴ\ݔ܇vԼ·̎ߵķ,ԴIԴ\ݔ܇v;ҎI\ݔ܇v̭Q,ُ\ݔ܇vԴ܇ռ;IُԴ܇moһaN,ĄIԴ\ݔ܇v

3.4 hR

ȫҪ·Έͤ,OGɫfYͶ,^ṩGɫfY,lżӿMGɫbóh;I̎ҒGɫfZM,NGɫfZ,ڠIIOþGɫbaƷչʾ_,չʾIGɫbaƷ,ռĿfȺռGɫb֪R,ȺþGɫbͻվGɫbR;û“W֙Cýwƽ_,_չИIGɫfճͨ^,ȫGɫfR

4 YՓ

GɫdzlչıȻڅSQ׸ۺBԇ^MһM,όǻ󌢲Ӵ,@ҪõľGɫģʽϺʡͭhýlչаlչоGɫ,˺Q^QۺBԇ^Oİlչ,бҪ̽,ڳ^,ȫʡȫʾ˱lչGɫҪf,HҪú플ӰlչOӋ,ҪV񱊷eOc

īI

[1]Ą,.ձGɫlչĠrʾ[J].Їͨ,2011,25(1).
[2]S,.\҇GɫĬFlչ[J].pƼ,2019,35(7).
[3],w.GɫlչF҇Ćʾ[J].g,2018,37(2).
[4]Zi,G.ͼGɫhо[J].cƼ,2017(14).
[5]ȫ,ξS,̕Ծ,.҇Gɫlչо[J].Ƽ,2019,42(9).
[6],ܴ.Gɫ¿fbģʽĄ[J].KՓ,2018(10).

ע

12018о]ИIyӋ
2W,ʡ坍Դ܇lչҎx,20194
3BhlЇƄԴh(2019)
4ՈС:ƶط˜ʹ܇βŷ 

ԭij̎,e.оGɫ͌C[J].ЇЈ,2020(28):8-10.
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